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Ford Focus Service Manual: Engine Emission Control

Ford Focus Service Manual / Powertrain / Engine / Emissions / Engine Emission Control

NOTE:

Do not permanently remove or render inoperative any part of the vehicle emission control system including related hardware. Failure to comply may violate applicable state and federal laws.

NOTE:

The vehicle emission vacuum routing diagrams are contained in the Description and Operation subsection of the Evaporative Emissions section. Refer to Section  303-13.

The engine emission control system consists of the:

EGR System

The EGR system returns a small amount of exhaust gas into the intake manifold. This reduces the overall combustion temperature. Cooler combustion temperatures provide a significant reduction of the Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) in the exhaust emissions.

The engine incorporates a stepper motor-controlled EGR valve which receives its signal from the PCM. Engine coolant is used to cool the EGR valve. The EGR valve and stepper motor are serviced as an assembly.

The amount of recirculated exhaust gas depends on:

PCV System

The PCV system uses intake manifold vacuum to ventilate blow-by vapors and evaporated oil from the crankcase and returns them to the intake manifold for combustion. The PCV valve varies the amount of blow-by vapors and evaporated oil returned to the intake manifold based on available engine vacuum.

Emissions
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