Ford Focus manuals

Ford Focus Service Manual: Safety Belt System

WARNING: After
any crash, all of the following safety belt assemblies and attaching hardware must be inspected to verify correct function:

If any safety belt assembly is damaged, does not operate correctly or does not pass all of the Functional Tests in the Diagnosis and Testing portion of this section, a new safety belt assembly must be installed. If any safety belt assembly attaching areas are damaged or distorted, the sheet metal must be restored to its original structural integrity and new safety belt assembly and attaching hardware must be installed. Failure to install new safety belt assemblies and attaching hardware may increase the risk of serious personal injury or death in a crash.

After any crash that results in deployment of the driver and/or front outboard passenger safety belt pretensioners, new driver and/or front outboard passenger safety belt systems (including retractors, buckles and height adjusters) must be installed. Failure to install new safety belt systems increases the risk of serious personal injury or death in a crash.

The safety belt retractor is designed to let the webbing move freely in and out at all times, except during vehicle hard braking, hard cornering or an impact of 24 km/h (15 mph) or more, when it is automatically locked by a mechanically actuated inertia sensor.

When installing new safety belt buckles and/or retractor assemblies, use only the replacement parts specified in the Ford Catalog Advantage™ or equivalent.

Active Restraint System Components

The active restraint system consists of the following serviceable items:

Safety Belt Retractors

The safety belt retractors consist of the following features:

Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR)

The ALR mode is used when locking a child seat in an outboard seating position. The ALR mode is automatically activated when the safety belt webbing is fully extracted from the retractor and then allowed to retract. As the safety belt webbing is retracted back onto the spool, an audible clicking sound is made indicating the safety belt retractor is in ALR mode and the safety belt webbing will not pull back out of the safety belt retractor. The ALR mode is disengaged when the webbing is free to extract and retract back into the retractor. For testing, refer to the appropriate Functional Test procedure in Safety Belt System in this section.

Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR)

The ELR is a vehicle-sensitive feature designed to activate and lock the safety belt webbing during hard braking, cornering hard or in an impact of approximately 24 km/h (15 mph). The ELR feature helps to reduce the forward movement of the driver and passengers. For testing, refer to the appropriate Functional Test procedure in Safety Belt System in this section.

Belt Tension Sensor (BTS)

The BTS is located at the safety belt anchor point and operates as part of the Occupant Classification Sensor (OCS) system on the front passenger seat. To diagnose the BTS , refer to Section  501-20B.

Cinch Tongue (rear center safety belt retractor)

The rear center safety belt retractor is equipped with a locking cinch tongue. The locking cinch tongue will slide up and down the safety belt webbing when it is in the stowed position or while putting the safety belt on. When the locking cinch tongue is latched into the buckle, the cinch tongue will allow the lap portion of the safety belt to become shorter, but locks the webbing in place to restrict it from becoming longer. Before latching a cinch tongue into the buckle, the lap portion of the safety belt may have to be lengthened. To lengthen the lap belt, pull some webbing out of the safety belt retractor. While holding the webbing below the tongue, grasp the tip (metal portion) of the tongue so that it is parallel to the webbing and slide the tongue upward. Provide enough lap belt length so the tongue can reach the buckle. To fasten a cinch tongue, pull the safety belt from the retractor so the shoulder belt portion of the safety belt crosses the occupant's shoulder and chest. Be sure the belt is not twisted. If the belt is twisted, remove the twist. For instructions on how to remove a twist, refer to Safety Belt Tongue Rotated on Belt in this section. Insert the locking cinch tongue into the correct buckle for the seating position until a snap is heard and latching is felt. Make sure the tongue is securely fastened to the buckle by pulling on the tongue. Adjust the lap belt portion of the safety belt by pulling up on the shoulder belt until the lap belt fits snugly and as low as possible around the occupant's hips.

Safety Belt Buckles

Safety Belt Buckle and Pretensioner

The safety belt buckle and pretensioner is a pyrotechnic device that removes excess webbing from the safety belt system when deployed. When the pretensioner deploys, the buckle moves downward, removing excess webbing from the lap and shoulder safety belts.

If the vehicle is involved in a crash that results in pretensioner deployment, a new safety belt buckle pretensioner must be installed. For safety belt buckle pretensioner diagnosis and disposal information, refer to Section  501-20B.

If the ignition is ON with the safety belt buckle pretensioner electrical connector(s) disconnected, a DTC will set.

Rear Safety Belt Buckles

The rear seat safety belt buckles are attached to the floor pan behind the rear seat cushion. The LH safety belt buckle is a part of the rear center safety belt retractor and is not serviced separately. To remove the LH safety belt buckle, refer to Safety Belt Retractor — Rear, Center in this section. To remove the RH and center safety belt buckles, refer to Safety Belt Buckle — Rear in this section. After any crash, new safety belt systems components (including retractors, buckles and height adjusters) must be installed.

Child Safety Seat Restraints

The child safety seat restraints include the following items:

If a child safety seat was in use during a collision, inspect the vehicle structure at the child safety seat component mounting areas and repair any damage and restore the vehicle to the original production configuration.

Safety Belt Shoulder Height Adjuster
NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.   Item Part Number Description 1 602B82 Safety belt shoulder height adjuster 2 — Safety belt height adjuster bol ...

Safety Belt Tongue Rotated on Belt
Fold the safety belt as indicated. Pull the safety belt tongue over the fold in the safety belt. ...

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