Ford Focus manuals

Ford Focus Service Manual: Engine Cooling - Description and Operation

Ford Focus Service Manual / Powertrain / Engine / Engine Cooling / Engine Cooling - Description and Operation

NOTICE: The engine cooling system is filled with Motorcraft® Premium Gold Engine Coolant. Do not mix coolant types. Mixing coolant types degrades the corrosion protection of Motorcraft® Premium Gold Engine Coolant. Failure to follow these instructions may result in engine or cooling system damage.

NOTICE: Always fill the cooling system with the manufacturer's specified coolant. If a non-specified coolant has been used the cooling system must be chemically flushed. Refer to Cooling System Flushing in this section. Failure to follow these instructions may damage the engine or cooling system.


If cooling system stop leak pellets are used, Motorcraft® Premium Gold Engine Coolant may darken from yellow to golden tan.

The cooling system consists of the:

Engine coolant provides freeze protection, boil protection, cooling efficiency and corrosion protection to the engine and cooling components. In order to obtain these protections, the engine coolant must be maintained at the correct concentration and fluid level in the degas bottle.

When adding engine coolant, use a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and distilled water. A coolant concentration of 50% will provide freeze point protection down to -37°C (-34°F)

To maintain the integrity of the coolant and the cooling system:

Fail Safe Cooling

The vehicle has a strategy built into the PCM that will control the engine if it starts to overheat.

Stage 1 of the strategy will commence if the engine starts to overheat. The Cylinder Head Temperature (CHT) sensor transmits a signal to the PCM, which then moves the temperature gauge pointer into the red zone.

If the engine is not switched off and the temperature continues to rise, the Powertrain Check Lamp is illuminated. This indicates to the driver that the engine is approaching critical limits and should be stopped. At this point DTC P1285 is set in the PCM which can be retrieved using a scan tool.

Stage 2 of the strategy will commence if the lamp and temperature gauge are ignored by the driver. The PCM will start to control the engine by cutting out 2 cylinders and restricting the rpm to below 3,000 rpm. Simultaneously the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) will be illuminated. This indicates that long term engine damage can occur and vehicle emissions will be affected. At this point DTC P1299 is set in the PCM which can be retrieved using a scan tool.

Air is then drawn into the deactivated cylinders. This helps to control the temperature of the engine internal components. The deactivated cylinders are alternated to allow even cooling of all the cylinders.


If the driver is using a high percentage of throttle travel (for example, an overtaking maneuver) when the PCM starts engine deactivation (Stage 2), the deactivation will be delayed for 10 seconds.


After 2-cylinder operation has begun, the engine will not revert to 4-cylinder operation, even if the temperature should fall, until the ignition is switched off and then on again.


The MIL can only be extinguished by using a scan tool after the fault has been rectified and the DTC cleared.

Stage 3 of the strategy will commence if the engine temperature still continues to rise. This will result in the engine being totally disabled before major engine damage or seizure occurs. The Powertrain Check Lamp will begin to flash, indicating to the driver that the engine will be switched off after 30 seconds. This allows the driver time to choose a suitable parking place.

Coolant Flow Diagram


Black arrows indicate hot, white arrows indicate cold.

Item Part Number Description
1 8C045 Coolant expansion tank
2 8501 Coolant pump
3 6010 Engine block
4 8575 Thermostat housing
5 18C266 Heater hose assembly
6 8B273 Lower radiator hose
7 8005 Radiator
8 8B274 Upper radiator hose
9 8A582 Bypass hose
10 8N029 Coolant expansion tank overflow hose
11 8K556 Coolant outlet adapter
12 6051 Cylinder head gasket
13 6090 Cylinder head
14 18K580 Heater core outlet hose
15 18K579 Heater core inlet hose
16 18478 Heater core
Cooling System Flushing
Special Tool(s) Drain Kit 164-R3662 Flush Kit 164-R3658 or equivalent Pro Flush and Fill 023-00154 or equivalent ...

Coolant Pump
Material Item Specification Motorcraft® Premium Gold Engine Coolant VC-7-B (US); CVC-7-B (Canada) WSS-M97B51-A1 Coolant Expansion Tank   Ite ...

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