Ford Focus manuals

Ford Focus Service Manual: Camshafts

Special Tool(s)

Alignment Plate, Camshaft 303-465 (T94P-6256-CH)

Material
Item Specification
Motorcraft® SAE 5W-20 Premium Synthetic Blend Motor Oil (US); Motorcraft® SAE 5W-20 Super Premium Motor Oil (Canada) XO-5W20-QSP (US); CXO-5W20-LSP12 (Canada) WSS-M2C945-A

Removal

NOTICE: During engine repair procedures, cleanliness is extremely important. Any foreign material (including any material created while cleaning gasket surfaces) that enters the oil passages, coolant passages or the oil pan can cause engine failure.

NOTICE: Do not rotate the camshafts unless instructed to in this procedure. Rotating the camshafts or crankshaft with timing components loosened or removed can cause serious damage to the valves and pistons.

  1. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. For additional information, refer to Section  100-02.
  1. Remove the coolant expansion tank. For additional information, refer to Section  303-03.
  1. Remove the RF wheel and tire. For additional information, refer to Section  204-04.
  1. Check the valve clearance. For additional information, refer to Valve Clearance Check in this section.
  1. Remove the timing drive components. For additional information, refer to Timing Drive Components.
  1. Mark the position of the camshaft lobes on the No. 1 cylinder for assembly reference.

  1. Remove the Camshaft Alignment Plate.

  1. NOTICE: Failure to follow the camshaft loosening procedure can result in damage to the camshafts.

    NOTE:

    Mark the location and orientation of each camshaft bearing cap.

    Remove the camshafts from the engine.
    • Loosen the camshaft bearing bolts in the sequence shown, one turn at a time. Repeat until all the tension is released.
    • Remove the camshaft bearing caps.
    • Remove the camshafts.

Installation

  1. NOTICE: Install the camshafts with the alignment slots in the camshafts lined up so the Camshaft Alignment Plate can be installed without rotating the camshafts. Make sure the lobes on the No. 1 cylinder are in the same position as noted in the removal procedure. Rotating the camshafts when the timing chain is removed, or installing the camshafts 180 degrees out of position can cause severe damage to the valves and pistons.

    NOTE:

    Lubricate the camshaft journals and bearing caps with clean engine oil.

    Install the camshafts and bearing caps in their original location and orientation. Tighten the bearing caps in the sequence shown in 3 stages:
    • Stage 1: Tighten the camshaft bearing cap bolts one turn at a time until finger-tight.
    • Stage 2: Tighten to 7 Nm (62 lb-in).
    • Stage 3: Tighten to 16 Nm (142 lb-in).

  1. Install the Camshaft Alignment Plate.

  1. Install the timing drive components. For additional information, refer to Timing Drive Components.
  1. Install the RF wheel and tire. For additional information, refer to Section  204-04.
  1. Install the coolant expansion tank. For additional information, refer to Section  303-03.
Camshaft Surface Inspection
Inspect camshaft lobes for pitting or damage in the contact area. Minor pitting is acceptable outside the contact area. ...

Camshaft Bearing Journal Diameter
NOTE: Refer to the appropriate Section 303-01 for the specification. Measure each camshaft journal diameter in 2 directions. ...

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