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Ford Focus Service Manual: Data and Communication Network

Ford Focus Service Manual / Electrical / Data and Communication Network


The Smart Junction Box (SJB) is also known as the Generic Electronic Module (GEM) .

Multiplexing is a method of sending 2 or more signals simultaneously over a single circuit. Multiplexing is used to allow 2 or more electronic modules (nodes) to communicate simultaneously over a twisted-wire pair [data (+) and data (-)] network. The information or messages that can be communicated on these wires consists of commands, status or data. The advantage of using multiplexing is to reduce the weight of the vehicle by reducing the number of redundant components and electrical wiring.

The vehicle has 2 module communication networks which are connected to the Data Link Connector (DLC) , located under the instrument panel:

Both networks are connected to the Data Link Connector (DLC) . The DLC can be found under the instrument panel.

Network Topology

Module Name Network Type Termination Module
Accessory Protocol Interface Module (APIM) (if equipped) HS-CAN  MS-CAN  No
Audio Front Control Module (ACM)  MS-CAN  No
Front Controls Interface Module (FCIM)  MS-CAN  No
Front Display Interface Module (FDIM)  MS-CAN  No
Global Positioning System Module (GPSM) (if equipped) MS-CAN  No
HVAC module MS-CAN  No
Instrument Cluster (IC) (gateway module) HS-CAN  MS-CAN  Yes

Occupant Classification System Module (OCSM)  HS-CAN  No
Restraints Control Module (RCM)  HS-CAN  No
Smart Junction Box (SJB)  MS-CAN  Yes

Network Termination

The CAN uses a network termination circuit to improve communication reliability. The network termination of the CAN bus takes place inside the termination modules by termination resistors. Termination modules are located at either end of the bus network. As network messages are broadcast in the form of voltage signals, the network voltage signals are stabilized by the termination resistors. Each termination module has a 120 ohm resistor across the positive and negative bus connection in the termination module. With 2 termination modules on each network, and the 120 ohm resistors located in a parallel circuit configuration, the total network impedance, or total resistance is 60 ohms.

Network termination improves bus message reliability by:

Gateway Module

The IC is the gateway module, translating HS-CAN to MS-CAN and vice versa. This information allows a message to be distributed throughout both networks. The IC is the only module on this vehicle that has this ability.

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